The fifth generation, commonly referred to as 5G, represents the pinnacle of networks. It is the technology that is rapidly gaining worldwide popularity. The main objective of 5G technology is to provide levels of speed, availability, reliability and compatibility of Internet devices.
With 5G network technology, data can be transferred at speeds of up to 20 Gbps and with an extremely low latency of only 1 millisecond. This means that the upcoming 5G network will offer faster speeds and lower latency compared to fixed networks.
As different regions of the world gradually implement the 5G network over the next few years, there will be a greater reliance on networks for their purposes.
How does 5G work?
Cell sites serve as components of networks that enable the transmission of data via radio waves. 5G networks use a combination of small cells, strategically placed in locations such as rooftops and streetlight poles. This allows signals to be transmitted over distances that distinguish it from the 4G standard that relies on huge cell towers to transmit data over such long ranges. The use of cells is necessary due to the nature of the 5G frequency wave that operates within the millimeter band (30 to 300 GHz).
Normally, lower frequencies can travel distances. At a slower rate, while higher frequencies can cover more ground but at a faster rate. Consequently, within the scope of 5G technology using the MM wave spectrum there are limitations in terms of range, as these signals are easily interrupted by natural or man-made obstacles.
In iterations of mobile network technology, lower frequencies were used to overcome the challenges associated with distance and interference.
With the advent of 5G, things have changed. This new technology uses a frequency band to achieve faster speeds, but the disadvantage is that it only works effectively over shorter distances.
Benefits of the 5G network
However, the advantages of the 5G network outweigh any drawbacks it may have, such as its coverage and vulnerability to interference.
- Wide bandwidth
- low latency of 1 ms
- Faster speeds
- Enormous network capacity
- Increased accessibility
- Accurate location tracking
- Instant communication
- Real-time analysis capabilities
- Fixed wireless services
- Network segmentation
The deployment of the 5G network is currently underway in numerous countries and regions around the world. Both mobile service providers and smartphone manufacturers are eagerly awaiting the implementation of this advanced network technology. It is expected to gain worldwide acceptance over the course of the decade.